As an operator, under the Use of Nuclear Energy Federal Act, Rosenergoatom Concern JSC assumes total responsibility and ensures nuclear and radiation safety for all stages of the nuclear plant life cycle. Therefore, the Concern has achieved a high level in management of nuclear and radiation risks, environmental and physical safety.


As part of ensuring nuclear plant safety, the Concern pays a great deal of attention to industrial safety of dangerous production facilities that run as components of the NPP.


The basis of the industrial safety management system in the Concern is organization and practice of production control over industrial safety. 


Special safety measures, including anti-terrorist resistance of nuclear plants with robust physical protections at every stage of the life cycle (project design, construction, operation, decommissioning) as nuclear-dangerous objects, integrity of the state secrets, commercial and executive secrets, corporate business security while enforcing the law and protecting the Concern’s corporate interests, is a priority for a corporate operator. 


The active nuclear plants have created: systems of communication, alerting, and information support; coordination services; standing executive bodies; routine management bodies; forces and equipment to contain and eliminate emergencies. 


All nuclear plants are engaged in systematic activities that assess the achieved level of safety culture, and build commitment among personnel to safety culture principles. The topical plans of training programmes for specific positions, and qualification support programmes include a Section on “Safety culture”. Training and methodological materials on safety culture have been prepared. Training in disciplines of the “Safety culture” course is provided when personnel are trained for a position, and then retrained.


The Concern’s activity in the area of safety culture is aimed at forming a high level of commitment to safety among the Concern’s and NPP’s personnel.

 

High level of commitment to safety is shown in continuous improvement of activity that affects safety, in self-consciousness of employees who understand their responsibility in the area of safety and their self-control during performance of all operations. All this together guarantees a steadily high level of NPP safety.


The Concern has developed and put into practice by an administrative order the Procedure for Organization of Work on Developing and Maintaining Safety Culture in Rosenergoatom Concern JSC which sets forth distribution of functions on development and maintenance of safety culture within the company.


Management’s policy in the area of safe and reliable operation of NPPs is communicated to personnel using mass media, posters, and title screens on PCs. Also, Internet consulting portals are set up by management of operator companies, and awareness day campaigns are regularly held. The safety matters are discussed with NPP personnel during visits of the Concern’s management to NPPs and in the course of conference calls and visiting meetings of the Concern’s management.


The achieved level of safety culture and commitment of personnel to the principles of safety culture are evaluated systematically at all NPPs. Training materials on safety culture have been developed. The programs for preparation to a position and programs for maintaining personnel qualification include the "Safety Culture" section. Training on the subject "Psychological Aspects of Safety Culture" is organized on-site at NPPs.


Booklets "Safety Culture" and "Human Factor" were prepared in order to use them in daily operations of NPP personnel. Handbooks "Safety Culture" intended for better understanding of bases and principles of safety culture as well as for understanding the importance of human factor in safety matters were prepared and are currently in use. Instructional film on the subject "Self-Control as a Method to Prevent Errors of Personnel" was prepared and made available to NPPs in order to enhance training efficiency and prevent erroneous actions of personnel.


The most important objectives of the operating organization consist in providing for physical protection, including anti-terrorist stability of nuclear power plants which operate on all stages of their life cycles as nuclear hazardous facilities; protecting state, proprietary, and trade secrets; and ensuring economic security of the enterprise while maintaining the Concern’s legitimacy and corporate interests.

 

Among the important elements of the physical protection system are organizational activities, actions of the security teams, and sets of engineering and technical means of physical protection. Access control and management system (ACMS) is one of the nine sub-systems. It is an automatic analytical system capable to identify individuals and vehicles at the entrance to (and exit from) the protected areas using various physical identification characteristics; restriction on the number of people with the right to access the premises, buildings, and protected areas; automated activation and deactivation of security alarm for premises: control of time and place of entry, as well as the time periods during which controlled users stayed at the facility.


One of the ACMS objectives consists in making it impossible for anyone to bring weapons, explosive, narcotic, and radioactive substances (materials), and other prohibited items to NPP. For this purpose modern inspection and search equipment is implemented at NPPs (including by way of modernization). This equipment permits automating and speeding up the access of system users to the facility after their thorough search and identification. ACMS technical characteristics make it possible for subdivisions in charge of NPP security to timely detect, block, and apprehend violators and provide reliable access control for personnel, visitors, and vehicles to the facility and its protected areas.